Presentation of the toolkit
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Traditional gender roles and stereotypes continue to have a strong influence on the division of labour between women and men in different spheres: at home, in the workplace and in society at large. Cultural barriers and labour market segregation need to be tackled.
Women are under-represented in positions of responsibility in all fields. Increasing women’s proportion in decision-making positions and leadership will ensure fairer and better performing labour markets.
There are persistent difficulties to reconcile family and private responsibilities with employment. Successful policies to support work-life balance need to be tailored to the needs of the employees and enterprises, bearing in mind different situations in the life course.
The gender pay gap has narrowed in the last decade in terms of average at EU level. In 2012, it stood at 16.2%. There are important variations between the Member States (from 3% to 30%). The pay gap has multifaceted underlying causes which provides to social partners a broad range of possibilities to address it at national, sectoral and/or company level. Further progress is needed.